Technical Note 0009: XMP Extension Schemas in PDF/A-1

This TechNote explains how to construct an XMP extension schema for PDF/A-1. It complements TechNote 0008: Predefined XMP Properties in PDF/A-1. Both TechNotes should be used in combination as follows:

  • If metadata requirements for PDF/A-1 documents arise, first consult the list of predefined XMP properties in TechNote 0008. Identify appropriate metadata schemas and properties which match the requirements. If no such properties are available proceed to the next step.
  • If no predefined XMP schema can be used, an XMP extension schema for PDF/A-1 must be defined and included in the document’s XMP metadata. This TechNote explains the details of this process, and presents an example of such an XMP extension schema and the corresponding description which is required in PDF/A-1.

In addition to talking about XMP extension schemas for PDF/A-1 this TechNote includes various general notes on XMP and Acrobat. These may be useful when working with XMP extension schemas.

Extension schemas can also add properties to the predefined XMP schemas. In order to add new properties to one of the predefined schemas you must also create an extension schema according to this TechNote. It is recommend to not include descriptions of predefined properties in such an extension schema container schema. However, if predefined properties are included in an extension schema it is recommended that PDF/A validators ignore such property descriptions.

Note: The term “schema” in the context of XMP metadata for PDF/A-1 is unrelated to XML schema definitions (.xsd).


Download TN 0009


Freely available under a CC-BY 4.0 license.

Originally published by the PDF/A Competence Center, now the PDF Association

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Community: PDF/A TWG

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Test Suites: Isartor, veraPDF

March 20, 2008



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