ISO standards, test suites, best-practice guides…

The PDF Association publishes a variety of documents and other resources for those interested in leveraging PDF technology, and as of Q4 2021, also sells the ISO standards relating to PDF technology as developed by ISO TC 171 SC 2.

In addition to formal ISO standards many PDF Association publications developed through our publications process are freely available.

PDF Association members may access process documents and drafts of upcoming ISO standards via the Member Area.


VSCode extension: PDF COS Syntax Support

PDF and FDF COS syntax VSCode extension for PDF developers interested in learning PDF as a page description language syntax.

PDF Association VSCode extension logo.



ISO/TS 24064

This document explains how to extend PDF 2.0 (ISO 32000-2:2020) by adding the ISO 10303-242 (STEP AP 242) format as a valid format for 3D assets contained in RichMedia annotations.

Accessible 3D content

This page provides links to 3rd party resources pertaining to making 3D models accessible.

MIL-STD-31000 Technical Data Packages (TDPs)

The US DoD MIL-STD-31000 standard describes requirements for preparing technical data packages (TDPs) which can be packaged in 3D PDF files.

PDF 3D Formats

PDF 1.7 introduced interactive 3D support using the U3D file format. PDF 2.0 expanded 3D support to include the ISO PRC format, and an ISO extension was published to add support for STEP (AP242) 3D models.

PDF in Manufacturing

PDF in Manufacturing includes a high-level introduction to the wide range of manufacturing-relevant technologies built into the PDF format.

Concept of Operations for DLA Procurement of Weapon System Parts using 3D Technical Data

This paper describes a proposed set of actions for enabling the Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) to use three-dimensional (3D) technical data in its daily operations.

Visualizing vs. Communication: Enabling the Model-Based Enterprise with 3D PDF

This paper explains how 3D PDF enables the Model Based Enterprise by providing a means to communicate all of the information needed.

Positioning 3D PDF in Manufacturing

This paper highlights how these 3D PDF formats are similar, how they are different, and what role they should be considered for in a data architecture within an organization or set of relationships between organizations.

Model Based Enterprise – A Technology Enabled Contract Management Approach

This paper highlights how the Department of Defense is changing its procurement practices through a revision to MIL-STD-31000.

ISO 24517 (PDF/E)

ISO 24517 defines PDF/E which is a subset of PDF 1.6 supporting the exchange of engineering documents in interactive and non-interactive workflows.