ISO standards, test suites, best-practice guides…

The PDF Association publishes a variety of documents and other resources for those interested in leveraging PDF technology, and as of Q4 2021, also sells the ISO standards relating to PDF technology as developed by ISO TC 171 SC 2.

In addition to formal ISO standards many PDF Association publications developed through our publications process are freely available.

PDF Association members may access process documents and drafts of upcoming ISO standards via the Member Area.


ISO 32000 (PDF)

PDF 2.0

ISO 32000 is the family of ISO standards that defines the core PDF specification for both PDF 1.7 and PDF 2.0.

PDF Association cover for ISO 32000-2 sponsored by Adobe, Apryse and Foxit.



ISO/TS 24064

How to extend PDF 2.0 (ISO 32000-2:2020) by adding the ISO 10303-242 (STEP AP 242) format as a valid format for 3D assets contained in RichMedia annotations.

ISO TS 24064 Cover

Accessible 3D content

The PDF Association maintains links to best-practice content in this area. These materials are not vetted by the PDF Association. To suggest a new resource contact info@pdfa.org with your recommendation. Scott Vinkle’s blog post on 3D model accessibility: https://scottvinkle.me/blogs/work/3d-model-accessibility  

3D PDF logo

MIL-STD-31000 Technical Data Packages (TDPs)

The US DoD MIL-STD-31000 standard describes requirements for preparing technical data packages (TDPs) which can be packaged in 3D PDF files.

Technical Data Package hierarchy chart

PDF 3D Formats

PDF 1.7 introduced interactive 3D support using the U3D file format. PDF 2.0 expanded 3D support to include the ISO PRC format, and an ISO extension will soon be published supporting STEP (AP242) 3D models.

ISO 14739-1 Document management - 3D use of Product Representation Compact (PRC) format Part 1 PRC 10001 cover with PDF Association logo

PDF in Manufacturing

PDF in Manufacturing includes a high-level introduction to the wide range of manufacturing-relevant technologies built into the PDF format.

PDF in Manufacturing cover

Understanding Blockchain’s Role and Risks in Trusted Systems

This document provides guidance on the use of blockchain for Information Governance Professionals responsible for information assets within their organizations. It defines the key characteristics of the current market as well as existing challenges and opportunities.

Cover for Understanding Blockchain's Role and Risks in Trusted Systems Paper

Concept of Operations for DLA Procurement of Weapon System Parts using 3D Technical Data

This paper describes a proposed set of actions for  enabling the Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) to use three-dimensional (3D) technical data in its daily operations.

Cover for Concept of Operations for DLA Procurement paper

Visualizing vs. Communication: Enabling the Model-Based Enterprise with 3D PDF

This paper explains how 3D PDF enables the Model Based Enterprise by providing a means to communicate all of the information needed.

Cover for Visualization vs Communications paper a 3D PDF Consortium whitepaper

Positioning 3D PDF in Manufacturing

This paper highlights how these 3D PDF formats are similar, how they are different, and what role they should be considered for in a data architecture within an organization or set of relationships between organizations.

Positioning 3DPDF in Manufacturing Report Cover

Model Based Enterprise – A Technology Enabled Contract Management Approach

This paper highlights how the Department of Defense is changing its procurement practices through a revision to MIL-STD-31000.

Cover Model-Based Enterprise paper